Our Puppy Care Sheet
Treat your new puppy as you would a new born baby. We recommend
that you try to make the first few days together with you puppy as calm
as possible, remember this is a very traumatic time for your puppy. A
puppy will play until it drops. It may play so much that it is too tired to
eat, especially be aware of the amount of time children play with your
Beware of any changes in your puppies stool, stress can trigger
Coccidia. I feed my dogs the RAW DIET in a kibble form. My puppies
are fed Canine Caviar kibble and canned food including their treats.
I suggest it because this is one of the finest foods you can feed your pup
but if you plan on changing your pup over to a new food, then do so
gradually. Some but not all puppies may need to be supplemented with
Nutri-Cal for the first few weeks. Be sure they eat every 6 hours.
Give them lots and lot's of love always!
Feel free to copy these suggestions...
~ Puppy Manual ~
~ Preparing for your Puppy's New Home ~
How exciting it is to pick up your new puppy and finally bring it home!? New puppy owners
are always concerned about providing the very best for their puppy. This Puppy Manual is a
guide to provide you with valuable information to help get you off to a great start!
Your new puppy has received optimum care from birth. All of my puppies have been raised
with the proper food and have been socialized in order to be mentally stable and ready for the
transition to your home.
The puppies have all been seen by a Vet and had their current vaccinations and health check
ups. You need to make an appointment with your local Vet within 3 BUSINESS DAYS to have
the puppy checked out by your Vet.
~ Choosing a Veterinarian ~
It is important to have an initial checkup after obtaining your puppy, so selecting a veterinarian
before your new puppy comes home can save time. If you don't have a veterinarian, friends or
family members with pets can make recommendations.
~ Preference ~
The most important factor is to meet the veterinarian and see the facilities. Are the veterinarian
and staff friendly and helpful?
~ Proximity ~
Is the veterinarian's office close to your home? This is not only an issue of your convenience, but
will allow you to get there quickly in case of an emergency.
~ Hours ~
In the first few months, you will be visiting the veterinarian often if the puppy is not fully
vaccinated, so it is important to make sure your vet's hours of operation coincide with your
schedule. Many vets have extended evening or weekend hours to accommodate your work
~ Emergencies ~
Does the veterinarian answer after-hours emergency calls, or does he refer emergencies to a
local emergency clinic? How far away is the referral clinic?
~ Making Your Home Safe ~
Just as with a baby, you will need to make sure the whole house is safe from anything the
puppy could get into. By getting down at the puppy's level you can assess if there are any
exposed electrical cords that could be chewed. Is there any place that your puppy could get
stuck or maybe fall? By puppy-proofing now, you can avoid a lot of heartache later. Will your
puppy be spending time outdoors unsupervised? Look around your yard. Are there holes or
gaps in your fence where your puppy could escape? Are there chemical fertilizers, herbicides
and insecticides within his reach?
What about poisonous plants?
~ Puppy's First Things ~
Basic equipment needed before puppy's arrival:
Food and Water Bowls: Stainless steel food and water bowls are durable and do not rust, break
or chip. Puppies that are teething will chew up anything in sight, which can be a problem when
using plastic. Stainless steel is also more sanitary than plastic because plastic scratches and
bacteria can set it. Make sure anything you buy does not come from China as most if not all of
their products are made with inferior substances including stainless steel.
~ Collar and leash ~
I prefer the harness types as they are safer on puppy's neck. Collars are to be only used for
bling or tags.
~ Grooming ~
You will need a Comb and Pin Brush. Grooming your puppy every day teaches him to like
being handled by people. The best time to do this is when the puppy is sleepy, as he will enjoy
your gentle touch. http://www.chrissystems.com is where I get my brushes.
Puppy Toys: Rubber toys are almost indestructible and my last years. Choose a smaller size for
young puppies (helpful during teething). Make sure it is a safe toy! Squeaky toys and balls can
be used when you are teaching the puppy new obedience commands.
~ At Home Together ~
Make sure everyone that comes in contact with the puppy knows the dangers from a puppy
falling. Never leave puppy unsupervised where it can fall. People handling puppy on couch
need to be aware puppy will try to squirm and may fall. A few things that could happen if
puppy was to fall : hit head causing seizer, break leg, blow out its knees, are just a few
examples of the dangers that could happen to an unsupervised pup.
~ Introducing Children ~
Children don't often realize that they need to be very careful with a small puppy. A responsible
adult should always be there to supervise when children are playing with or meeting a puppy.
When you bring your puppy home, it's always a good idea to have the children sit down and let
the puppy come to them. Explain that they should not scare the puppy by moving quickly or
making loud noises. They shouldn't rush at the puppy or try to pick the puppy up. Explain
that, while sitting on the floor, the puppy will probably climb on them anyway.
~ Introducing other dogs ~
Try introducing the dogs in a neutral area. Make sure both dogs are supervised and they can be
controlled by you. Let them sniff and investigate each other. Do not yell at the other dog if he
doesn't react the way you want him to. Give him plenty of time to get used to the puppy. Dogs
have their own rules, and will certainly let your young puppy know what the rules are. They
will do this in the same way that the pup's mother helped him to learn by growling.
Upon arriving at home, put your puppy in an exercise pen with a piddle pad. The puppy is
already used to using the pads. I have provided 2 links to the kind of exercise pens that I like.
Wal-Mart puppy pen with door and Wal-Mart puppy exercise play yard.
The pet bed should be placed inside the exercise pen along with a bowl of food and fresh water.
Give your new puppy a chance to relieve itself. The drive home has been stressful for your
puppy. Give your puppy some Nutri-Cal (a high caloric feeding supplement). Also give it a
chance to get to know its new surroundings. When you feel the puppy is ready to leave the
exercise pen to get to know you better, make sure you have blocked off the area you will be in
so that your puppy does not have free roam of your home. Your puppy needs to be confined to
small areas. This will make housebreaking faster.
Whenever you are unable to be with your puppy, it should be placed in the exercise pen. DO
NOT give your new puppy the freedom of more than the exercise pen. Remember that a puppy
of 12 weeks has an attention span of about 1 second and if the piddle pad is not clearly in sight,
it will forget where it is. If you are going to be gone for the day (such as at work) make sure
your puppy has a bowl of food and fresh water. Can you imagine leaving a three year old child
alone in your house?
Don't be in a hurry to allow your pup total freedom all over the house. It may take months or
even a year to reach that goal. Confinement in an area of the house where you normally spend
time will prevent many housebreaking and chewing accidents. When you are in the kitchen, you
cannot see that the puppy has to "go" if he is in the bedroom. You can not see the puppy
chewing on the living room carpet while you are busy making beds. Let your dog explore his
new home, but only under your supervision. Block off your puppy's special area with baby
gates. If you must be away from the house or can't supervise the special area, put the puppy in
his crate. Reinforcing acceptable behavior often just means preventing misbehavior!
This is an exciting time for you, but it can also be a frightening time of adjustment for your new
puppy. Some things to remember the puppy feels lost and alone as it is leaving the security
from mother and littermates, and experiencing a multitude of new sights, sounds and smells.
The first night at your home the puppy may call, cry, howl, to the others as if to say” Come and
get me” He’s waiting for one of the pack to answer. When they don’t he tries again. You’ll
notice that the first night is the worst. During the day your puppy may either be a little nervous
of you, or it may follow you right away. New puppies should not be taken out with you and
shown off to all your friends for the first week. He/she needs to get to know and trust their
new mom or dad and not be upset by strangers wanting to hold or play with them.
After the puppy has become adjusted to your home and after he has his rabies vaccination I
recommend that you introducing the puppy to parks, lakes, pet stores, etc. The more people
and places your puppy experiences, the more well adjusted he will be as an adult.
The temporary teeth fall out easily and are often not found (the pup sometimes swallows
them). Occasionally, temporary teeth persist along-side the adult teeth and may need to be
extracted in order to prevent misplacement and decay of the adult teeth. If your pet will be
spayed or neutered this would be a great time to take out any remaining puppy teeth. As pup
matures to adult your veterinarian will let you know when it is a good time to schedule a tarter
Teething Phases: Temporary teeth eruption 1 month, Permanent teeth eruption 4 months,
Permanent Canine teeth 5-6 months.
~ Health Care ~
~ Vaccinations ~
Your new puppy will arrive with some or all vaccinations. Puppies will receive its first vaccine
around 8 to 9 weeks of age depending on their size/weight. Pups need a series of 3
vaccinations (not to include the Rabies vaccine) spaced out every 3 to 4 weeks.
It is important that only ONE vaccination be given per office visit. Toy breeds react differently
than larger breeds. A full rabies shot is 4 times the dose for a full grown Newfoundland. The
same shot is given to a 160lb dog as a 2lb dog. It does not make sense so please be aware of any
reactions that your pup may exhibit. DO NOT GIVE THIRD PUPPY SHOT, RABIES SHOT,
BORDATELLA, LYME VACCINE, ETC. AT THE SAME TIME!!! ONLY ONE SHOT AT A
TIME. NO EXCEPTIONS!
Distemper shots must be 3 to 4 weeks apart and 1 month or more apart from the Rabies
vaccination. I do not care what your vet says it is too much on a toy breed to be overdosed by
too many vaccinations at once. I CANNOT STRESS THIS ENOUGH! IF THIS VACCINATION
PROTOCOL IS NOT FOLLOWED THIS HEALTH GUARANTEE IS NULL AND VOID!!!!
If your puppy has a reaction to the vaccination, you want to be sure you know which one it
was. This means that the DHP-PV and the Rabies shot should be given a more than a month
~ Spaying/Neutering ~
If you have adopted your new puppy on a spay/neuter contract. This means that you must
have your female puppy spayed or your male puppy neutered. This puppy is not to be used
for breeding and is to spayed or neutered. This is important to have done, not only to prevent
unwanted litters, but to avoid having to deal with your female going into heat twice a year and
getting a uterine infection which can be fatal. Un-neutered males mark their territory inside
your home and can become sexually aggressive. There are health reasons as well. In males,
neutering decreases the chance of developing hernias, diseases of the prostate, and it eliminates
the chance of developing testicular cancer. In females, spaying decreases the incidence of breast
cancer and uterine infections. The probability goes down to almost zero if done before the first
heat cycle. It also eliminates the chance of developing pyometra (a potentially fatal infection of
the uterus). Along with these risks your dog will no longer have the urge to roam looking for a
mate. This will reduce the risk of it running away and/or being hit by a car. They will have a
lower chance of contracting contagious diseases and get into fewer fights.
~ Health Danger Signs ~
Despite the excellent care you are giving your new puppy, it still may get sick. You should
know your puppy well enough by this time to immediately notice any changes in its behavior.
The following are some signs to look for:
Refusal to eat for no apparent reason
Increase in sleep, not wanting to play, lethargic behavior
Dull coat, clouded eyes, dry nose
Constant sneezing, coughing, drooling, or gagging
Frequent scratching or shaking its head
Blood in stool
Gums turn white
When skin is gently pinched, it does not spring back, but instead forms a tent
Pupils are extremely narrow or wide
~ HYPOGLYCEMIA /LOW BLOOD SUGAR ~
Common problem with all toy breed puppies...
Easily treatable in the early stages...
Fatal if allowed to progress...
Glucose is the “simple” sugar that the body uses for fuel to run its various functions. Table
sugar, or sucrose, is made up of two simple sugars, glucose and fructose, and can be broken
down rapidly after eating. All sugars are carbohydrates. Grains are also carbohydrates but are
considered “complex” carbohydrates because they have many more components and take
longer to be broken down. The body uses glucose as its primary energy sources fatty Acids, for
example, which the body accesses by breaking glucose in the blood is lower than normal, the
brain function is the first to show signs. The liver is responsible for manufacturing glucose and
for storing it in a usable form, for release into the blood stream as needed. Muscle tissues store
some of the important materials used in this process. Therefore, a serious liver abnormality or
insufficient muscle mass may make it difficult for the body to keep its blood sugar properly
~ CAUSE ~
Hypoglycemia can occur without warning when a puppy goes to a new home, misses a meal, or
does not eat full meals. Other reasons could be they can’t eat a lot at one time, and literally run
out of fuel quickly, being chilled, or even exhaustion from too much play may cause the body to
use up more sugar than is available. Even a brief period of fasting in a puppy can trigger a
~ SYMPTOMS ~
Signs of an attack are depression, weakness, confusion, wobbly gait, frothing or drooling from
the mouth sometimes even a seizure and drain of blood from the head. The head appears to be
tilted to either side and can not hold it up. The neck appears stiff and in a locked position, the
body may soon appear the same way. The teeth may be clamped tightly together. A check of
the gums will show them to be pale, almost a grayish white in color rather than a healthy bright
Puppy slows down, Acts listless. Puppy may begin to tremble or shiver, trembling is followed
by a blank stare. Puppy may then lie on his side.
The puppy can go into shock, convulsions, seizures, or coma which can result in death if not
cared for promptly and properly. Its body will be limp and lifeless. Body temperature will be
~ HOW ARE SMALL BREEDS MORE PRONE? ~
Puppies of very small and toy breeds of dogs have characteristics that make them more prone to
the development of Transient Juvenile Hypoglycemia, which is brought on by fasting. Pups of
any breed are more likely to develop hypoglycemia than adults, because their skeletal muscle
mass and liver size are smaller and brain size, larger, in proportion to the rest of their body.
Therefore, there is less adequate glucose in order to function. In small toy breeds, this
discrepancy is more pronounced. Even a brief period of fasting in a toy breed puppy can trigger
a hypoglycemic attack. Puppies will precursors or glucose in its stored form (body fat).
~ TREATMENT ~
Once a puppy’s sugar drops you must act fast! The blood levels of glucose must be restored
immediately! DO NOT HESITATE YOUR PUPPY’S LIFE IS AT RISK! I use the Forti-Cal or
Nutri-Cal; they give quick results and gets into the bloodstream within seconds with a 99%
utilization rate. When giving a dose it is about ¾ tsp per 5 lbs of body weight.
If you do not have it on hand, then mix Karo Syrup on the tongue or rubbed on its gums. If jaw
is locked try to get it open and get it as far back on tongue as possible and rub all on gums. You
can also syringe it into the pup’s mouth. Get a heating pad or heating blanket and slowly warm
the puppy to proper body temperature. If the puppy responds all is well. Feed it a quality
canned moist food right away! Monitor the puppy to be sure that the condition does not recur.
Try to eliminate the stress that caused the episode.
If the puppy does not improve within 10 minutes, contact your vet immediately!! This is not
something that can wait until the vet opens the following morning! If you do not have treatment
for the low sugar on hand you need to get it right away and keep it in stock at all times as you
never know when an attack will happen. Also keep a can of moist food instead of dry, as
puppy will be too weak to chew the dry.
~ Common Health Problems ~
Diarrhea: Possible causes: wrong diet, or sudden change in diet, bacteria, viruses, worms,
parasites, nervousness, infection, poisoning.
Constipation: Possible causes: not enough water, stress.
Ear Infections: Signs of an ear infection: excessive head shaking, tilting the head, constant
scratching the ears, increased secretion of ear wax.
~ Internal Parasites ~
Signs of Round worms: bloating, hiccupping, lack of appetite, convulsions, apathy
Signs of Tapeworms: weight loss, muscle cramps, dragging its rear end along the ground (may
also be a sign that anal glands need expressing).
Signs of Hookworms: severe anemia resulting to pale gums, dull coat, generalized weakness or
lethargy, and considerable weight loss.
Signs of Whipworms: weight loss, abdominal pain, dehydration, and anemia. Stools may be
watery or bloody.
Signs of Giardia: These microscopic parasites attach themselves to the intestinal wall and the
damage causes an acute (sudden-onset) foul-smelling diarrhea. The stool may range from soft to
watery, often has a greenish tinge to it, and occasionally contains blood. Infected dogs tend to
have excess mucus in the feces. Vomiting may occur in some cases. The signs may persist for
several weeks and gradual weight loss may become apparent.
"The disease is not usually life threatening unless the dogs' immune system is immature or
immunocompromised." The diarrhea may be intermittent. Most dogs do not have a fever but
may be less active. The disease is not usually life threatening unless the dogs' immune system is
immature or immunocompromised.
Signs of Coccidia:
This is an "opportunist protozoon" that lives in the bowels of all dogs. Did you understand that?
ALL DOGS carry coccidia. But something has got to weaken the immune system of an animal
for the protozoa to have an opportunity to take hold and start multiplying. That "something " is
usually stress of one kind or another. A loose, stinky stool that can even have streaks of bloody
mucus in it usually accompanies coccidia. Some Vets will explain coccidia to their clients by
saying the animal is loaded with parasites. This is sometimes interpreted by that client that the
animal has worms. Coccidia is not exactly a parasite but can be just as hard to get rid of. A daily
supply of yogurt prevents coccidia from getting a foothold as it keeps a good balance of bacteria
in the G. I. tract. So long as good bacteria exist in an ample supply in the gut, coccidia can not
grow. Coccidia is shed in the stool like a virus. If the animal is not shedding it when a stool This
is an "opportunist protozoon" that lives in the bowels of all dogs. Did you immune system of an
animal for the protozoa to have an opportunity to take hold and start multiplying. That
"something " is usually stress of one kind or another. A loose, stinky stool that can even have
streaks of bloody mucus in it usually accompanies coccidia. Some Vets will explain coccidia to
their clients by saying the animal is loaded with parasites. This is sometimes interpreted by that
client that the animal has worms. Coccidia is not exactly a parasite but can be just as hard to get
rid of. A daily supply of yogurt prevents coccidia from getting a foothold as it keeps a good
balance of bacteria in the G. I. tract. So long as good bacteria exist in an ample supply in the gut,
coccidia can not grow. Coccidia is shed in the stool like a virus. If the animal is not shedding it
when a stool sample is taken, the animal can be misdiagnosed as being free of the protozoa. If
your puppy is put on antibiotics of any sort, feed yogurt to replenish the good bacteria that is
killed off by the antibiotic. It will in no way affect the antibiotic from completing its job but may
save your animal from secondary infections caused by an imbalance of good bacteria. When
coccidia does exist in the G. I. tract of your puppy, it can easily spread up through the system
and into the lungs and if unchecked, it can cause pneumonia and eventually death. The first
signs of coccidia is usually a lack of eating properly accompanied by a loose stinky stool and
sometimes escalating into bouts of hypoglycemia. Coccidia can be transmitted to humans if
hands are not washed and contaminated utensils are handled improperly. Coccidia should never
be allowed to progress to a point that the puppy's life is threatened. If your puppy shows signs
of this disease, immediately seek professional advice and treatment,. Usually Albon is given.
Your puppy should also be wormed continuously each month as outbreaks may occur or
reoccur. If your puppy has long hair please remember to keep his bottom shaved or trimmed.
Some times the stool can get caught in the hair and keep your puppy from being able to go
potty. This can cause serious problems and even death.
All diarrheas have the potential to be a dangerous health problem, especially in puppies. Left
untreated, diarrhea can lead to severe dehydration, vomiting, lethargy and even death.
In puppies, signs of infection typically appear between the ages of four and twelve weeks of
age, becoming more prevalent during times of stress (i.e. weaning, going to a new home, etc.)
~ Treatments for Coccidia, Giardia and Kennel Cough!
These are 3 common things that can happen in young puppies,due to underdeveloped immune
systems. All 3 are easy to treat and does not mean your puppy is unhealthy. We treat and
vaccinate for these but your puppy still can get it. Stress also plays a role with these conditions.
We have done everything possible to help insure this doesn't happen, but yet it still can.
Treatments for Giardiasis in dogs.
This information is taken straight out of the Vet Medical Manual.
Drug Name Trade Name Dose Rate Duration of Treatment
Metronidazole Flagyl ~ 11.5 to 15 mg/lb BID** 5 days
Fenbendazole Safe-Guard or Panacur*** 22.5 to 25 mg/lb once daily 3 days
*Metro one pill will treat 15 pounds,smaller dogs or puppies will have to cut in half or fourths .
Really tiny puppies I suggest Safe-guard (Fenbendazole) first then once 3-4 pounds use
*Panacur sometimes makes the tinies sick to their tummies or low sugar always give some
yogurt before worming to settle tummies.
*Goat Safegaurd (Fenbendazole) at Farm stores:Dosage 1/2 cc equals 2 pounds.
~ Yogurt can save your pups life! ~
Plain yogurt can literally save your puppy's life. This should be fed to your puppy a couple of
times a day along with its normal diet. Please occurs when you take a new puppy out of its
natural environment. Stress kills off the good bacteria in the G. I. tract. When anything occurs
out of the ordinary, it is stressful. Worming, shots, shipping, and riding all create stress for small
animals. Plain yogurt culture puts the good bacteria back into the system so you will have a
healthy puppy. So feed them all they want for the first couple of days until they adjust to the
new environment. Yogurt can be force fed with a syringe in situations where your puppy has
stopped eating and s hows signs of being hypoglycemic. Chicken baby food also is good to use
to entice a puppy to eat!
~ Feeding ~
Water: You need to make sure your puppy has access to fresh water at all times. It is good to
add about 1 cap full of Organic Apple Cider Vinegar to water to help dog’s breath and is very
good for their immune system.
The water bowl should be cleaned daily using very hot water and dish detergent to prevent the
build up of bacteria.
Food: Your puppy has been eating Canine Caviar ”Chicken & Pearl Millet" ALS... All life
stages. When puppy reaches a decent weight, I alternate Canine Caviar proteins. One bag
chicken, then lamb, then venison, etc. The Adult Lamb has less protein which is better for small
breed dogs. If this is not available in your area another good holistic food is Blue Buffalo puppy
Freedom Grain Free.
Picky eater or stressed dog or puppy I would suggest in addition to the Canine Caviar using
moist food like "Blue Buffalo Puppy Freedom Grain Free or Wellness canned puppy. They are
nice Holistic moist foods.
~ Information from Canine Caviar ~
Canine Caviar is different from every other pet food on the market today. We use raw
dehydrated food in a dry kibble. Our Eco-Friendly True Holistic diets quickly settle digestive
upsets, reduce itching, scratching, shedding and hotspots; while addressing health concerns like
kidney disease, liver disease, heart disease, diabetes, cancer and cholesterol. Pearl millet lowers
the glycemic index, which allows the animal to utilize the energy more evenly. Pearl millet is
highly nutritious, non-glutinous, non-acid forming, extremely digestible, beneficial to the
stomach, spleen and pancreas, and considered one of the least allergenic ingredients available.
Millet and the chlorophyll from alfalfa and parsley act as a natural breath sweetener. Sustaining
ingredients include flaxseed, canola oil, borage oil, primrose oil, coconut oil and white fish for
proper Omega 3:6 fatty acid balance, alfalfa and kelp for a healthy stomach garlic for the
immune system, yucca for hip and joint support, chicory root and papaya for a healthy digestive
system, peppermint and parsley for a healthy circulatory system, rose hips for added vitamin C,
and lecithin for better absorption of the fats and proteins. All of the formulas contain NO wheat,
corn, soy or chemical preservatives. All diets are free of cooked fruits and vegetables as they
spike the glycemic index and increase the risk of diabetes.
For coupons and more information see www.caninecaviar.com
Over feeding your puppy will result in an overweight puppy. You should check regularly to
make sure you are feeding the proper amount of food. You should easily be able to feel your
puppy’s ribs behind its shoulders at mid-chest level. If not, it is too fat. You will need to reduce
the amount of food. If its ribs, backbone, or hip bones stand out, then it is underweight. You
will need to increase the amount of food you are supplying daily.
If you want to change food, you must introduce the new food slowly. You should add a little of
the new food to each meal, slowly increasing the amount until they are finally eating only the
You should feed your puppy three times a day – once in the morning, mid-day and again at
dinner time. If your puppy is very small then leaving food down all day would be best. This
will prevent an empty stomach which can cause your puppy to vomit bile. You should try to
keep your puppy’s feeding schedule consistent. Try to feed it at the same time and in the same
place. Make sure you clean out the bowl after each meal to prevent bacteria buildup. I suggest
giving your puppy a small glob of the Nutri-Cal twice a day as a preventative measure for the
Snacks: Snacks should be kept to a minimum to avoid causing your new puppy to become
overweight. Most human food is not a good choice for feeding your puppy or dog. I use
Natural Balance roll Potato & Duck.
~ Potty Training ~
A crate gives a dog a place to call its own. Dogs are den animals, and once adjusted to the crate,
they will be happy to go there when they want to be left alone.
You should already have an exercise pen set up. It should be small enough to fit the crate, toys,
piddle pad, and a food and water bowl. By making the pen small enough to fit these items only,
the puppy has no choice but to use the pad. If by chance, your puppy is one of the few that
potties in its bed, food, or water, don’t worry. It will figure it out after a while.
Once the pup is using the pad consistently, you can make the area larger. You need to do this
gradually until you can open it up and allow the puppy to have access to one room while being
Make sure you praise your puppy each time you actually see it use the piddle pad.
Choose a word or phrase to use, and only use this word or phrase. This is important so that
they learn your commands. Most puppies will need to potty within a few minutes of waking,
playing, or drinking water.
Once you have seen your puppy potty on the pad, you should let it out to play for 10-20
minutes after which it should be returned to the pen. You do not want to allow the puppy to be
outside the pen for a long period of time. It is still a puppy and needs lots of rest, and just like a
child, it doesn’t know when to stop. This piddle pad training has already begun prior to
bringing your puppy home.
You will need to begin training your puppy to go outside to potty. It is a good idea to use the
both piddle pad and outside train your puppy. There will be times that you will be unable to be
home in time to take your puppy out. Also, some puppies do not like to potty in the rain,
snow, or extremely cold weather. For this training to be successful, you will need to be patient,
understanding, and consistent.
You should make sure you take your puppy outside once it wakes from a nap or a night’s sleep.
You should also take it out after each meal, giving it some time between eating and going out.
You should have a spot chosen outside where you would like your puppy to go potty. You will
need to take it to this spot to reinforce that this is the right spot where it can relieve itself.
You should begin to recognize signs that your puppy needs to go out. Those signs may include
1) Restlessness, whimpering, turning in circles, or repeatedly sitting down.
2) Sniffing the floor, hunching over, circling and looking for a quiet spot.
3) After a time, your puppy may scratch at the door, stand in front of the door or bark to
indicate it needs to go out.
Each time your puppy goes potty either on the pad or outside in the appropriate spot, you need
to verbally praise it and provide a small treat to reinforce the behavior.
Your puppy will inevitably have accidents during this training period. If you catch it in the
“act,” scold it by saying “NO” in such a way that the puppy understands what it was doing was
wrong and immediately take it to the piddle pad or outside to the spot where it should be
going. This is not the time to baby the pup. You will only regret it in the future when training is
prolonged and accidents continue. Never punish your puppy physically or by placing it in its
crate. The crate is its “safe zone.” This will only confuse your puppy. If you do not catch it in
the “act,” do not scold it. Your puppy is incapable of connecting what it has done (even a few
minutes earlier) with your current displeasure. Simply clean up the mess making sure you use
a product that will eliminate the odor. Also make sure the product you use is safe. You can
purchase this type of product at a pet store.
~ Training Ears to Stand ~
The ears should be kept shaved on pups as well as adults. Puppy’s ears are standing by the time
they are 3 to 4 months old. Some may take longer than others. The larger the ear is the harder it
is to get to stand. It can be done and is easier to do if the pup is under 6 months of age. After
that it is a lot harder and may not work.
The first thing to do is shave the hair off the top one third of the ear. Hair on the ears weighs the
ear down and keeps them from standing. Use a small beard clipper you can get at K-mart, Wal-
Mart, or beauty supply stores.
Look at the back of the ear picture a wide V. Shave off all the hair on the inside of the V. If the
ears are really long, start the V lower on the ear about half way down.
Turn the ear over and shave the inside of the ear exactly like you did the outside. To trim the
edges use clipper cutting to a V point.
~ Taping Ear ~
After ear is shaved fold the ear in half toward the front like you were closing it up vertically (up
and down). The ear is now sticking straight up in a point. Use Medical tape to wrap around the
ear. 2nd option is to not fold ear in half and just wrap tape around lower bottom base of both
ears. I usually then tape top 1/2 of ear and pull across to 2nd ear to pull to give a nice ear set
placement on top of head instead of sticking out sides of head. I have tried several types of
tape over the years and find nothing works as good as the Nexcare Flexible Clear Tape. I
usually use 1" on base of each ear and 3/4" to pull both ears together on top of head.
If the pup gets it off it was wrapped to loose or not around enough. Make sure the ear is
straight up on the dogs head and not flopping off to the side. If it flops you may have to tape
the 2 ears and then wrap them together so they do not fall down. Leave this up for around 4 to 6
days. Take tape off clean and shave the ear. If the ear starts to fall you will have to re-tape and
keep trying until it will stand.
~ Calcium Supplement ~
Your new puppy may arrive to you with or without his ears up. This will be determined by the
age of your puppy and the strength of his ears. Hopefully, the following information will help
you understand what is happening with his ears in relation to his age and growth.
The puppy’s baby teeth appear around 3 to 4 four weeks of age. This causes a tremendous draw
on their calcium levels. The last of the baby teeth, the premolars start to appear at about 6 weeks
of age. The first adult teeth start appearing at 4 to 5 months of age. In the meantime, all of his
bones are growing at spectacular rates also. They should have all of his permanent teeth by 6 to
7 months of age.
The body will require more calcium to built cartilage and make the ears strong. During this
period of teething I use and recommend you use a calcium supplement such as Pet-Cal. Pet-Cal
is a palatable calcium-phosphorus-vitamin D preparation for dogs. Pet Cal is an excellent
calcium supplement for nursing dogs. Add Pet-Cal to your breeding pet care.
Never leave your puppy or dog in your car for any amount of time, even if the window is
cracked. If you incur any problems with your puppies health call, your vet and your breeder
Vets are on call 24 hours a day if you need one and so am I.
Enjoy your new puppy!